Presenter Information

Lucas Sutton, SUNY GeneseoFollow

Submission Type

Poster

Start Date

22-4-2020 12:00 AM

Abstract

Schistosomiasis is a leading parasitic infection that debilitates many individuals in sub Saharan Africa. Because this parasitic infection involves a snail as an intermediate host, we use a native prawn species as a natural predator to decrease the population of this snail community. This study focuses on Tomefa, a primarily fishing peri-urban community located oi the outskirts of Accra, the capital city of Ghana. A survey was also given to the local community measuring economic characteristics. In the laboratory, Macrobrachium spp prawn exhibit preference of Bulinus snails over Biomphalaria snails while non-parasitic snails were consumed in higher proportion to parasitized snails. Of the local community surveyed, 72.5% classified fishing as their primary source of income. With a median income of 400 GC in the community, these prawns would provide an aquaculture opportunity to increase incomes. The introduction of Macrobrachium spp into the Weija reservoir has potential to decrease the total population of snails hosting the schistosome parasite while also increasing the socioeconomic status in the local fishing community. This project was funded by The Edward Pettinella '73 Endowed Ambassadorship in Business.

Comments

Sponsored by Lytton Smith

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Apr 22nd, 12:00 AM

298— Rural Economic Growth and Disease Intervention in Ghana; The Edward Pettinella '73 Endowed Ambassadorship in Business

Schistosomiasis is a leading parasitic infection that debilitates many individuals in sub Saharan Africa. Because this parasitic infection involves a snail as an intermediate host, we use a native prawn species as a natural predator to decrease the population of this snail community. This study focuses on Tomefa, a primarily fishing peri-urban community located oi the outskirts of Accra, the capital city of Ghana. A survey was also given to the local community measuring economic characteristics. In the laboratory, Macrobrachium spp prawn exhibit preference of Bulinus snails over Biomphalaria snails while non-parasitic snails were consumed in higher proportion to parasitized snails. Of the local community surveyed, 72.5% classified fishing as their primary source of income. With a median income of 400 GC in the community, these prawns would provide an aquaculture opportunity to increase incomes. The introduction of Macrobrachium spp into the Weija reservoir has potential to decrease the total population of snails hosting the schistosome parasite while also increasing the socioeconomic status in the local fishing community. This project was funded by The Edward Pettinella '73 Endowed Ambassadorship in Business.

 

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