Document Type


Publication Date



Rising incomes, urbanization, and changing palettes are all factors that have led to increased meat consumption in China. Historically, pork was the most commonly consumed meat in China but recently there has been a shift toward eating more beef and poultry. This change in preference poses a problem for sustainability as beef cultivation is the most energy and land intensive. There are sustainable alternatives to eating meat; plant-based “meats” and vegetarian diets have long been an option due to Buddhism’s influence since the Han dynasty. We will be exploring the relationship between meat and China from the broad lenses of history, culture, and sustainability.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.