Milne Open Textbooks



Download Full Text (14.7 MB)

Download Preface (75 KB)

Download Guide to SATB part-writing (319 KB)

Download Part I: Fundamentals (1.9 MB)

Download Part II: Diatonic Polyphony and Functional Harmony (4.1 MB)

Download Part III: Modulation and Chromatic Harmony (2.8 MB)

Download Part IV: Form (3.6 MB)

Download Instructor Manual (password required, email for access) (18.3 MB)


Students of tonal Western art music will find in this workbook a full set of exercises and activities to deepen and reinforce their understanding of music theory and analysis. The book begins with such rudimentary topics as rhythm, meter, and pitch and progresses through polyphony, chromatic harmony, and musical form. In addition to exercises tailored to each topic, the book features recurrent activities focused on four-voice part-writing (figured-bass/Roman numeral realization and melody harmonization) as well as score analysis, which become progressively more advanced as new concepts and skills are covered.

Included for analysis are over 500 excerpts drawn from the literature, almost all of which were composed by women and other underrepresented groups. The online version of the text includes embedded audio files for immediate aural reinforcement. Score excerpts and audio files are also available to download for use in class handouts and slideshows.

This workbook was designed to supplement Fundamentals, Function, and Form. Each chapter in the textbook has been given a corresponding chapter here so that students can move fluidly between the two. The exercises were also designed to be used independently from the textbook, by instructors who may prefer to use other texts and materials. Clear directions and examples are provided throughout, making the book equally suitable for self-guided learners.



Publication Date



Milne Open Textbooks


techniques of music, music tutorials, teaching of music


Music Education | Music Pedagogy | Music Practice | Music Theory

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

Fundamentals, Function, and Form: Student Workbook