Crime in any society is inevitable. From its inception, the United States has dealt with crime in different manners. In the mid-20th century, federal and local governments turned their attention to stopping crime preemptively rather than reacting to it after the fact. This analysis looks at the history of policing in the United States, discusses the development of community policing based on Wilson and Kelling’s 1982 “Broken Windows” article. It also takes a sociological approach to analyzing the effectiveness of community policing in New York City as well as its relationship to: racial biases, police violence, police culture, and police reform. For the purposes of this analysis, the terms “broken windows policing,” “community policing,” “quality-of-life policing,” and “order-maintenance policing” are all meant to refer to the use of high frequency and discretionary policing to target public disorder and prevent the further spread of crime.


Sponsered by William Lofquist